Aug 08
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Water Scarcity: Causes and Effects

Water scarcity refers to a deficiency of appropriate water resources to meet the water demand in a particular region. When water is insufficient for food and sanitation, it is considered to be the shortage of fresh water.

This shortage of fresh water has become one of the most pressing problems in more and more areas of the world, including India. Freshwater is a source of life. Hence, without access to quality water for consumption, industry or agriculture, it would not be possible for us to guarantee our economic and social development.

Water is a strategic resource and governments of various countries are working to develop common policies to manage it in the most efficient way. However, still about 1,200 million people live in areas of physical water scarcity and another 500 million are in areas that are approaching this situation.

There are many countries who lack the necessary infrastructure to carry the water from their origin to the communities, resulting in some 1,600 million people bound to live in a situation of water scarcity.

Water scarcity and climate change

When we talk about water scarcity all around the globe, we can not stop talking about climate change and the effects it can have on water resources. The shortage of water

usually occurs in areas of our planet where rainfall is scarce.

These geographical areas are more prone to suffer episodes of drought, which can lead to restrictions on adequate water consumption and proper sanitation.

If we talk about parts of Asia, Africa or Latin America, there are many states and cities that have not yet solved the pending issue of access to clean water for hygiene and drinking purposes. It is estimated that by the year 2025, 1.8 billion people will be living in places with absolute “NO” water.

Also, If glaciers continue to melt in the polar regions, water availability may decrease. The increase in the volume of the oceans would cause sea levels to rise, contaminating freshwater sources along the coastal regions with seawater.

Other causes of water scarcity

Water scarcity is a problem of both natural and human origin. Although the governments of the most advanced countries are carrying out social and environmental awareness campaigns on the shortage of water, we still see that the water cost per person per day is not reducing but increasing.

Excessive use

The excessive use of water is a problem that greatly reduces the amount of potable water available for human sanitation and consumption. This concept includes the excessive use of available water by human beings in their daily activities, but refers mainly to industrial and agricultural activities that use abundant amounts of water in their development.


Water pollution refers to a wide variety of human activities that seriously pollute water reserves, nullifying the possibilities of using it for consumption or sanitation. These activities include inconspicuous problems, such as faulty or insufficient sewer systems, oil leaks or pollution.


There are a number of areas in the world where access to water is limited by the distance ratio. The human settlements are separated from the water sources, therefore either it is not possible for them to access water or doing so has a very high cost.

This cause is associated with poverty, as the problem of distance could be solved through aqueduct systems that many countries are not in a position to pay. In some countries, this is due to shortcomings in public administration, as state investment is never used for the creation of aqueducts that guarantee access to water in the most vulnerable areas.

Water scarcity and its effects

When people can not access fresh water, there are several problems that arise. It is not only about the conservation of life, water is a necessary for the full development of any human being.


In the absence of water it is impossible to irrigate crops and cause the death of animals, which also limits access to meat. On the other hand, even if there was access to food, in the absence of water it is difficult to cook them properly, as required by our digestive system.

Lack of sanitation


Without access to fresh water, it is not possible to clean food or kitchen accessories in the proper way. On the other hand, the lack of water also prevents proper body hygiene and makes proper disposal of human waste difficult.

All this eventually causes infectious diseases that would be easily preventable only with proper sanitation. For such situations it is advisable to use waterless cleansing products and maintain good hygiene. With innovative products in the market like Clensta Waterless Shampoo and Clensta Waterless bath, it is quite easy to enjoy proper sanitation without a single drop of water.


Usage of these products will save you from the lack of sanitation that implies an excessive exchange of bacteria and an environment where they can be widely developed.

Absence of education

Water scarcity also hinders access to education. Although the consequence does not seem direct, in fact it is: without adequate food or sanitation, children are often too sick to go to school.

On the other hand, schooling takes a back seat within the priorities. Therefore, children of school age have as a priority to work to help the family to get water and in this way guarantee survival.


Today it is estimated that approximately 1.2 billion people do not have access to fresh and potable water. The guarantee of water supply is not guaranteed for the coming years and the forecasts made by various international organizations do not exactly invite optimism. Hence, to save life on earth we should seriously start thinking about various methods of water saving. One of those methods could be use of Waterless bath products, as every 100ml of organic Clensta Waterless Bath can help you save approximately 350 litres of water.


About The Author

We are a team of fresh graduates and seasoned professionals including research scholars and professors of Chemistry with 20+ years of experience in the domain.