We live on a planet that is covered with seventy percent of water. However, the scarcity of potable water is faced by people all around the globe. This is quite a bone-chilling fact to discover. Of the total water, only 0.014% of the water is consumable. Rest of the water is either saline or not easily accessible due to freezing conditions or locations. The year 2030, is capped at the saturation point where half of the population of the world is going to face a severe water crisis. It is speculated that the next world war might be fought for marking the territories over the consumable water bodies if the same trend continues.
Nature is a factor that leads to an uneven climatic distribution around the world. With the average annual rainfall of 11,873 mm, Mawsynram, India is the place for highest rainfall in the world. Contrasting to it, Aoulef a small town in Algeria receives an average rainfall of 12.19mm. Let us understand the primary reasons from the points listed below.
- The human race is growing exponentially, thus the pressure on the availability of freshwater is getting depleted. It is not the population growth that matters the most; it is the lack of proper education on how not waste even a single drop of water.
- With time, consumption of goods is increasing. It leads to the increase in the number of factories which dump their waste in the next available water resources causing water pollution. This leads to the construction of water treatment plants for refining the water for consumptions. It is ironic because the new structure again spreads contamination in the environment.
- Deforestation, for acquiring more land is one of the leading causes of the disturbance in nature’s balance. Areas that used to receive heavy rainfall are suffering the shortage of it by a significant percentage. Many countries are participating to stop this, but the damage cannot be undone.
- With the increase in habitats and urbanization, the groundwater resources are being depleted. Groundwater recharge is a natural process by which the water keeps on accumulating, and the storage does not dry. It is done when rainfall, snowfall, ice caps melts and penetrates deep down below the ground level to the aquifer. However, again, rain is also getting rare day by day due to our methods of promoting development.
There are many ways to slow the procedure of water crisis down. Some of them are afforestation and rainwater harvesting. These two things can be done individually as well and don’t require any workforce or organization for support. Proper education can be done by local governing bodies on how to save maximum water while taking care of personal hygiene which is equally important. For example, Clensta International has been able to produce waterless body bath and waterless shampoos. A 100 ml of this bottle can save up to 350 litres of water. You have to apply this to your body, rub it and clean the lather with the help of tissue, towel or clothe. Other alcoholic sanitizers can be used while washing hands to save the wastage of water.
Our good habits can save the future generation to live with pure drinking water and prevent the chaos. We have to choose between being ignorant or to save every drop of water.