During the first years of life, children develop their personality and acquire new skills and abilities. Early childhood is the ideal time to enhance the development of the child’s personal autonomy. In this aspect will have much to do with their degree of maturity, the willingness of parents and caregivers to teach, and socialization in their environment, in the nursery or school.
PROMOTE HABITS OF HYGIENE IN CHILDREN
The child will learn basic hygiene habits at home:
#1 The daily bath or shower.
They love them when they are babies, but over the years they can become lazy! Parents should supervise their daily bath, as the pediatricians recommend doing it at night because it facilitates rest and sleep. In areas where clean water availability is a big issue, parents should use waterless bath and waterless shampoo to keep their kids healthy. There are many such products available in the market at affordable rates like Clensta waterless products, No Rinse Body Bath and more.
#2 Wash your hands well.
Parents should be concerned that the child washes their hands with soap and water before eating when leaving the bathroom, after touching a pet, after playing with toys or returning from the park, when returning from daycare or school, and more.
When you are away from home, adults can use gels such as Sterillium or waterless hand cleaners to kill germs, bacteria and possible viruses. It is also recommended for use in children from 3 years of age.
#3 Tooth cleaning
From 12-18 months it is recommended to clean the baby’s teeth with an adapted brush, a toothpaste with a fluoride concentration of no more than 500 ppm F-, under the supervision of an adult. Lean on games, songs or gadgets like little hourglasses. And do not forget that imitation is very important when instilling a good habit.
#4 Dry well after showering.
As important as the daily shower, it is drying properly. It is recommended to use a towel of your own or, if you are away from home, to use paper towels to prevent infection and to ensure that moisture is removed from the hands, feet, folds and any part of the body susceptible to develop fungi, herpes, etc.
#5 Blow nose using a handkerchief.
We have to teach them the importance of his personal use, and that blowing themselves with a handkerchief avoids contagion, besides being hygienic.
#6 Protect wounds.
Scratches, scratches, and small wounds and cuts are the result of having an active life; we should not scare children with the risk of becoming pupa! Encourage them to have fun and risk, and at the same time explain the importance of hygiene and the healing of wounds. They should know that if they get a wound they should tell an adult to help with the cures. It is also interesting to encourage them to learn the basics of the healing process of a wound themselves:
Clean the wound with an antiseptic liquid. The goal is to remove any dirt that may have adhered to the wound bed. Once the area is thoroughly cleaned, dry it with small taps with sterile gauze.
Apply povidone iodine, or chlorhexidine if the child is very small.
HOW TO INCULCATE BASIC HYGIENE HABITS IN CHILDREN
The acquisition of a habit requires a continuous and gradual process of learning, and needs a relaxed, calm and adapted environment in which the child feels motivated.
To create a routine we can implement these 6 simple steps:
- Be very clear about what you are going to teach and when. It is important to be aware of the limitations of your age and to be constant.
- Explain the reason for things. Do not underestimate the children! Although you think they are small to reason according to what things, you will see that if you explain it in a simple way they will understand the task and assume it with a positive attitude.
- Be your example to follow. Show them how to do it so they can repeat it later and make sure they understand the instructions. Never forget, as a father or mother, that example is the best way to teach.
- Put it together in practice. Remember to praise them whenever he does well and stress his daily progress.
- Reduce your help little by little, but keep supervising your tasks.
- You should never give orders, be authoritarian, threaten them, punish them or scream. As much as possible, work with them with a playful approach.