Today’s Scenario of Global Water Crises
Looking at the scenario today, we do not need a hydrologist to tell us that there is a global crisis of water, which is growing every day. We are aware of the flooding in Jakarta, the droughts in Somalia, the water rationing we saw in Rome and the water crisis in India as well. Each year in the month of August, the water experts, the innovators, and expert researchers gather in Stockholm for World Water Week to discuss how to tackle this global water issue.
How can we categorise the reason for the rundown of water? How will the earth gratify their thirst? The real question is; can we make a note of the reason behind this issue? Yes, here are seven reason that plays a significant role in the Global Water Crisis.
#1 Groundwater is Getting Sapped.
As per the research, about 30% of the freshwater on Earth lies deep down in water level. The water beneath there is extracted daily for multiple purposes like farming, drinking, and industrial use. It has been proved globally that India is one of the major countries that sloshes the groundwater than any other countries. Around 54% of India’s underground water well is sinking which means that the water is getting used faster than it is restored. Unless this pattern changes in the next 20-25 years, around 60% of India’s water level will be in severe demeaning conditions.
#2 Increase in the Population
It is the very elementary equation: With the increase in the population, there is an equal increase in income and livelihood. This equation is equally proportioned to the rise in water demand. It says that the world’s population today is around 7.5 billion which is forecasted to enumerate approximately 2.5 billion more people by 2050.
#3 Natural Framework in being Neglected
Nature’s framework requires healthy ecosystems and integral to clean and ample water. They are the filters of pollutants, gives a buffer against storm and floods and helps in the balance water supply. Here plants and trees are crucial in restocking groundwater; without them, there will not be any rainfall which will ultimately make the whole land dry, instead of draining into the soil.
#4 Water Infrastructure is in Murky Condition of Disrepair
Having thought of enough water to go around was just the old picture. Today the water needs to be shifted, treated, and released. Today, all around the world the water framework that includes the sewer systems, treatment plants and pipes is in a condition of disrepair. In the US, the amount of water which is getting leaked from pipes is around 6 million gallons per day. The cost that is required to install and repair these pipes is infamously fancy that means many areas are neglecting this growing infrastructure problem until an uncertain disaster will crash.
#5 We are Playing with the Climate
The change in the climate is making the planet warmer, which is eventually making the geographies even more blistering. Also, the clouds are moving away towards the poles because of the change in climate episode known as Hadley Cell Expansion. As per the statistics, there are 15 countries which are accountable for 80% of the population which is exposed to river flood risk worldwide. Out of the many, the major nations are India with 4.84 billion exposures, Bangladesh with 3.48 billion exposure and China with almost 3.28 billion exposures. The other countries are below 1 billion.
#6 Water is Getting Wasted
Knowing the fact, that the water is a renewable resource; it is getting wasted even more. Around 80% of the water is released back to the ground without any treatments. The amount of water getting consumed in every country is not a new and unanticipated topic for anyone. It is self-explanatory and needs no further explanation for it. The amount of water getting supplied to the factories and industries, the practice of flood irrigation and many others use more water than it is usually required. Even today in many countries, it is cheaper to get clean water than to fix and dispose of the water which is getting wasted. These corrupt practices encourage wastewater globally. The technologies used in treating the water demands a considerable amount of money which gets us to our last reason. Hence, it is important to save water in our everyday use. One of the most appropriate ways of saving water at home would be the usage of waterless bathing products like waterless shampoo and waterless bath to maintain good hygiene and save 350 litres of water every day.
#7 Wrong Pricing on Water
We all know that water is universally not valued to the required extent. Its value does not replicate the actuality and cost incurred in the entire duration of shifting and treating and disposing of. This issue has ultimately led to misallocation of water and the shortage in the investment nature’s framework and the recent technologies that use water more wisely. Looking at the perspective of an organization or government, why would they want to invest in such costly techniques because, in reality, the price of water is much lower than these technologies. The idea should be that when the amount of the clean and pure water is closer to the cost that was incurred during its service, the use of productive and efficient water will be encouraged.
After Realizing the reason of water crisis, there is still a room for hope and happiness. Universities, schools, citizens and even government is waking up to these global issues and has started to take action against the water challenge. By every passing year, we are getting closer to the solutions of saving water with the help of methods like using wastewater for energy, the process of restoration, rainwater harvesting, monitoring the level of groundwater and many more. The coming years are yet to bring some new solutions with the advanced technologies. However, these ideas and solutions will not implement on its own. This critical global issue needs public as well as political pressure. People need to be first awake and then be aware of this crucial problem that we are facing or will face in the years to come so that we ensure a sustainable future for all of us.