Dec 12
diseases caused by water pollution

Ten diseases caused by water pollution

The misuse of freshwater resources in human activities has resulted in immeasurable water pollution. This is evident not just in small water bodies but also bigger water bodies like rivers and oceans.

In this current era, more than one-sixth of a country’s water supply is overly misused; this was confirmed according to India’s official groundwater supply reports. More than two third of our country’s water on the surface is polluted. These selfish practices lead to many waterborne diseases which if not cared for can be severe.

Ø  Ten most common water-borne Diseases.

  1. Dysentery –

    This disease initiates with a combination of nausea, cramps and severe diarrhea. This further encounter high fever and blood traces in fecal matter. Dysentery is of two types – bacillary dysentery which is caused by bacteria and amoebic dysentery which is caused by amoebae. Any individual who gets affected by contaminated water or food will develop dysentery within a span of four days.

  2. Arsenicosis-

    This often happens to an individual when there is a poisonous release of wastewater through industries. Arsenicosis or arsenic poisoning occurs due to continuous exposure to small amount of arsenic via drinking water.

  3. Polio (infantile paralysis) –

    It is a virus released by the excrement of an infected individual. It affects the central nervous portion of the human body directly. Anytime an individual encounter this virus they suffer from fever, seizures and goes up to the extent of paralysis.

  4. Trachoma (Eye Infection) –

    Bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis is the cause of this disease yet again found in contaminated water. This disease results in hardening the inner surface of the eyelids. This also leads to eye bruises on the outer surface, pain in the eyes and goes up to the extent of blindness. This spreads more due to poor sanitation and improper hygiene conditions.

  5. Typhoid-

    twelve million people across the globe, get affected by typhoid fever, the name of the bacteria responsible for typhoid is salmonella typhi bacteria majorly found in contaminated water and food. This is usually identified by medical professionals through stool samples as the bacteria paves its way through the intestinal tract. The loss in a proper diet, headache and nausea are the symptoms of Typhoid.

  6. Schistosomiasis-

    Worms that are released by freshwater snails is the cause of this disease. These worms enter in an individual’s skin while in contact with the polluted water causing infections in lungs, liver, bladder, and intestines. This disease is observed majorly in rural areas where small water bodies consume water for bathing and household purposes.

  7. Cholera-

    Bacterium Vibrio cholerae is responsible for infecting the small intestine. This disease goes up to the extent of taking one’s life if not cared for on time. Symptoms of cholera include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and headache. According to WHO, there is a decrease in life count from 21000 to 143000 worldwide.

  8. Diarrhoea-

    This is the most common disease caused by water pollution. Waterborne viruses, bacteria, and parasites emerging from the contaminated water with feces are the most common reasons. The symptoms of this disease are loose motions causing dehydration and an extent of death in the cases of children and infants.

  9. Malaria-

    One of the most dangerous diseases which have increased breeding of parasite-carrying mosquitoes due to water pollution. Malaria happens due to parasites which are carried by female mosquitoes known as Anopheles. These mosquitoes can spread the infection to other people when they have bitten a person infected with malaria. A symptom of malaria goes up to the extent of anemia, coma, and even death.

  10. Lead Poisoning-

    This is caused due to usage or consumption of lead-contaminated water, often emerging from old rusted pipes and clogged water on the surface. This disease causes many organ damages like nervous system breakdown, high blood pressure, kidney failures and issues with reproductive system profoundly affecting children.

As the old saying goes “Prevention is better than cure.” It is now the time that every individual starts implementing this by improving sanitation; drinking and using clean water and thriving to eradicate water pollution personally and industrially.

About The Author

We are a team of fresh graduates and seasoned professionals including research scholars and professors of Chemistry with 20+ years of experience in the domain.