Around 842,000 people die every year due to impure water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene practices all over the world. Majority of deaths are of children. The most effective measure to prevent the infectious diseases is by providing the clean water. Creating awareness on hygiene and health.
Most of us are still have the access to clean water to drink every day, to bathe every day, to cook every day and to do most of the household works every day. But have we wondered that is facility available to everyone in the world equally? No, more than millions of people do not have the basic need of water to even drink. Many communities and families cannot rely on the supply of water for next year, next month, next week or tomorrow.
Clean water has become a daily life struggle which is equivalent to a struggle of life and death. Even the Director General of World Health Organization (WHO), Dr. Margaret Chan said that in order to reduce the disease, they have to provide a viable solution to improve water resources.
The availability of clean and safe drinking water and the basic awareness about sanitation are vital for the healthcare, especially for the children.
The consequences for poor sanitation and impure water and incorrect hygiene are:
- Children, especially girls are restricted from their right to education because of the lack of proper sanitation facilities and lack of privacy issues.
- Many children die from Diarrhea which is a preventive disease.
- Women have to travel miles to fetch water for their day to day life.
- The productivity of the farmers becomes less because of the regular illness.
- The nation’s economy suffers and the health system is devastated.
It is not possible to grow as a country and enable a continuous development without breaking this corrupted and vicious circle and further addressing these concerns.
We do have good news here. As per the World Health Organization, 2 billion people have attained the access of revised and improved resource of water since 1990. Moreover, there are still people around 800 million who are still living without clean and drinkable water.
In addition to that, around two fifths of the world’s population do not have the access to the sanitation facilities. Meaning, there are still people who are living in unclean environment where a regular disposed systems are not available and the disease are able to spread all over easily coupled with the inadequate hygiene issues.
There is a need to understand the importance of water supply and sanitation.
We all understand that the clean water along with improved sanitation and decent hygiene practices helps in reducing the poverty. It can also be an important factor to drive economic growth, to save lives, can help to keep the kids in school and encourage more girls to attend schools.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that in order to meet the sustainable development growth of water and sanitation facilities, it would bring an economic benefit: every $1 that will be invested would give an economic return between $3 to $34 depending on the area and region.
Other than this few other improvements can be counted as:
- The death of immature children from the age of 0-4 will reduce.
- Girls from the age of 5-15 would be able to go to schools. They will have clean drinking water and access to sanitation facilities.
- The worker from the age of 15-59 would have more productivity as compare to earlier. Thankfully because of the improved healthcare solutions.
- The people above 60 will be expected to live even longer.