Infectious diseases like diarrhea & acute lower respiratory illnesses have increased child mortality rate
Such diseases do not require a huge budget and can be quickly taken care of low-cost interventions.
Today, more than 250 million children who are under the age of 5, categorized in low-income and middle- income countries (LMIC) are at risk of not having proper food & personal hygiene because of poverty. The improved interventions of sanitation, drinking water and hygiene have reduced the consistency and the quantity of the diarrhoeal diseases.
The most common method
Used for cleaning and treating water is boiling it, but it is not a reliable practice every time. After a survey performed with Escherichia Coli in Peru, they discovered that around 207 household’s population in rural Peru are achieved safe water by boiling it. In the same survey, a trial was conducted to analyze the pasteurization and safe water in the E. coli contamination of the drinking household water.
Three Different Groups
They created three different groups. Two groups received a container with safe storage along with pasteurization indicator and the other group followed the earlier practices. Moreover, number of households who received clean and improved water was around 90 percent among which 47 percent was sourced water and rest of the 43 percent was stored water samples were contaminated with E. coli.
Instead of dipping hands or any objects to take water from the storage container, pouring or using a spigot was decreasing the risk of contamination of stored water. The cleanliness of the container and hand washing techniques was also a factor which reduced the risk of water contamination.
This survey continued there for 13 weeks in which households collected the clean and safe container for storage, and the water pasteurization indicator played an important role in prevailing the contamination level of the stored drinking water. Moreover, the local water storage container and the low-cost water pasteurization indicator were not satisfactory regarding the safety of the drinking water in the households.
Another research in future could help in understanding the factors that promote the use of this medication to improve the quality of water efficiently and can also assist in eliminating the risk of the diseases borne by water for the population that uses boiled water for drinking.
Around 93 percent of the participants of primary drinking water was improved. This includes the water in house pipes for approximately 59 percent. The water in the outside pipes for around 33 percent. 1 percent is covered in the wells. The water supplied in the household were directly fed from the river for about 86 percent, 9 percent was from other channels of irrigation, 5 percent was by well.